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دانستنی های آتش نشانی - استراتژی های دهگانه در پیشگیری از حادثه

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استراتژی های دهگانه در پیشگیری از حادثه

استراتژی های دهگانه در پیشگیری از حادثه

یكی از مدلهای حادثه تحت عنوان مدل انرژی كه توسط GIBSON ارائه و بوسیله Haddon گستزش یافته است پیشگیری از حادثه را در اجرای استراتژی ها دهگانه میداند.

این اصول دهگانه با توجه به سه عنصر خطر، حفاظ و عنصر آسیب پذیر دسته بندی میشوند كه همراه با مثالی از اتومبیل هنگام رانندگی تفهیم میشوند.

 
استراتژی های مرتبط با خطر:

1)     از ایجاد انرژی جلوگیری شود. م: از رانندگی با اتومبیل اجتناب شود.
2)     كیفیت انرژی تعدیل و اصلاح شود.
3)     كمیت انرژی تعدیل و اصلاح شود. م: محدودیت سرعت رعایت شود.
4)     از رهایی كنترل نشده انرژی جلوگیری شود. م: شن پاشی و نمك پاشی جاده ها
5)     نرخ و نحوه توزیع انرژی آزاد شده را تعدیل كنید. م: استفاده از كمربند ایمنی و كیسه هوا

استراتژی های مرتبط با حفاظ:


6)     جداسازی مكانی و زمانی منبع انژی و عنصر آسیب پذیر. م: استفاده از چراغهای راهنمایی و رانندگی

7)     حفاظ گذاری فیزیكی و جداسازی از طریق موانع

استراتژی های مرتبط با عنصر آسیب پذیر:

8)     افزایش مقاومت عنصر آسیب پذیر در برابر صدمات ناشی از جریان انرژی. م: كلاه ایمنی
9)    محدود كردن و مقابله با تلفات، جراحات و آسیب ها. م:كمكهای اولیه
10)   تعمیر و توانبخشی عنصر یا فرد آسیب دیده


منبع: تجهیزات حفاظت فردی، دكتر ایرج محمد فام


نوشته شده در : 1390/03/17  توسط : احمدرضا نویدخواه.    نظرات() .

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