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دانستنی های آتش نشانی - كمكهای اولیه در شكستگی‌ها و در رفتگی‌ها

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كمكهای اولیه در شكستگی‌ها و در رفتگی‌ها

كمكهای اولیه در شكستگی‌ها و در رفتگی‌ها

در اثر ضربه , تصادف , سقوط از ارتفاع , افتادن جسم سنگین بر روی استخوان ممكن است انواع شكستگی ضربه و كوفتگی ایجاد شود . استخوان ممكن است در یك نقطه یا چند نقطه بشكند . ممكن است سر استخوان شكسته داخل بافتها و عضلات بماند ( شكستگی بسته ) و یا سراستخوان شكسته , گوشت و پوست را پاره نموده و به خارج آید (شكستگی باز ) در هر حالت بیمار درد دارد , محل شكستگی متورم است و بیمار از حركت دادن آن عضو بیم دارد .
 معالجة شوك , بی‌حركت نمودن عضو شكسته و بستن آن با تخته بند یا آتل( وسیله ای كه برای بی‌حركت كردن اندام مشكوك به شكستگی به كار برده می‌شود) به طوری كه در موقع انتقال بیمار , عضو شكسته حركت نكند و جلوگیری از خونریزی اگر وجود داشته باشد , از جمله كمكهای اولیه در مورد شكستگیها می‌باشد.
در مورد درفتگیها ( جابجایی استخوان یا بیرون آمدن استخوان از مفصل ) نیز كمكهای اولیه شامل اقدامات زیر است :
1- اندام دررفته را در راحت ترین حالت از نظر كمك گیرنده قرار دهید . برای كاستن فشار , دور و زیر اندام آسیب دیده با لشهای مناسب قرار دهید .
2- جای دررفتگی را با یك دستمال یا حوله یا نوار شكسته بندی ببندید تا بی‌حركت بماند .
3- نباید كوشش كنید كه در رفتگی را جا بیندازید و دستكاری نمائید . زیرا رگها و اعصاب ممكن است آسیب ببیند .
4- اگر حالت شوك ظاهر شد به درمان آن بپردازید .
5- مصدوم را به بیمارستان برسانید


نوشته شده در : 1389/03/7  توسط : احمدرضا نویدخواه.    نظرات() .

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